George, the first major English settlement in India and the foundation stone of Chennai St. According to the Archaeological Survey of India ASI , Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. During the 1st century CE , a poet and weaver named Thiruvalluvar lived in the town of Mylapore a neighbourhood of present Chennai. They also defeated several kingdoms including the Cheras , Cholas and Pandyas who ruled over the area before their arrival. Sculpted caves and paintings have been identified from that period.
Parthasarathy Temple, Triplicane
Parthasarathy Temple, Triplicane - Wikipedia
However, to secure its trade lines and commercial interests in the spice trade , it felt the necessity of a port closer to the Malaccan Straits , and succeeded in purchasing a piece of coastal land, originally called Chennirayarpattinam or Channapatnam, where the Company began the construction of a harbour and a fort. The fort, hence christened Fort St George, faced the sea and some fishing villages, and it soon became the hub of merchant activity. It gave birth to a new settlement area called George Town historically referred to as Black Town , which grew to envelop the villages and led to the formation of the city of Madras. In , after the EIC received word of the formation of the new French East India Company , the fort was strengthened and enlarged while its garrison was increased.
Fort St. George, India